Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway
|Princess Ingrid Alexandra|
(2004-01-21) 21 January 2004
The National Hospital 04, Oslo 04, Norway
|Father||Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway|
|Mother||Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby|
|Norwegian royal family|
HH Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner
Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (born 21 January 2004) is the elder child of Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit, and the grandchild of King Harald V. She is second in line, after her father, to succession to the Norwegian throne. She represents the fifth generation of the sitting Norwegian royal family of the House of Glücksburg.
She has a younger brother, Prince Sverre Magnus, whom she ranks above in the line of succession after the implementation of absolute primogeniture in 1990. She is expected to become the country's second female monarch, after the 15th-century Queen Margaret.
Birth and baptism
Born on 21 January 2004 at 9:13 am in The National Hospital, part of the Oslo University Hospital in Oslo, Princess Ingrid Alexandra is the first child and only daughter of Crown Prince Haakon, heir apparent to the throne, and the second granddaughter of King Harald V and Queen Sonja. Her mother, Crown Princess Mette-Marit, has a son named Marius Borg Høiby, born in 1997 from a previous relationship. Following Ingrid Alexandra's birth, the already well-regarded royal family experienced an upsurge of popularity.
Ingrid Alexandra was baptised by Bishop Gunnar Stålsett in the chapel of the Royal Palace on 17 April 2004. Her grandfather the King, her aunt Princess Märtha Louise, the Crown Prince of Denmark, the Crown Princess of Sweden, the then Prince of Asturias, and her maternal grandmother Marit Tjessem were her godparents. The Crown Prince of Denmark and the Prince of Asturias were unable to attend the christening due to their respective weddings scheduled to occur within a month of the christening.
Ingrid Alexandra started her first day of school on 19 August 2010 at Jansløkka elementary school, a local state school attended by her half-brother. Her parents chose the school because they wanted her to have as ordinary a childhood as possible. Newspaper reports said Princess Ingrid Alexandra would walk to school with her half-brother, and local citizens could expect to see her occasionally out in the community with her classmates on school outings. School officials hoped to make the school a place where the princess could make friends and enjoy some relief from public scrutiny.
On 17 June 2014, the Norwegian Royal Family notified the public that from the start of the 2014–2015 school year, Princess Ingrid Alexandra would transfer to the private English-language Oslo International School, reportedly because her parents wanted her to be fluent in English. Her younger brother, Sverre Magnus, was to transfer to Oslo's Montessori school.
Princess Ingrid Alexandra was transferred to Oslo's Uranienborg School to complete her lower secondary education. In the fall of 2020 she began further schooling at Elvebakken Upper Secondary School in Oslo.
On 19 June 2010, Princess Ingrid Alexandra served as a bridesmaid at the wedding of her godmother, the Crown Princess of Sweden. In December 2012, the Princess attended an interview with her father by a Norwegian television programme in aid of Environmental Agents, the children's environmental organization. Her mother was supposed to attend, but the Crown Prince attended instead as the Crown Princess was ill. She has taken part in traditional celebrations of the Constitution Day, as well as the traditional ski jumping tournament at Holmenkollen in Oslo.
On 4 May 2015, Princess Ingrid Alexandra christened the Norwegian Rescue Company's new lifeboat, Elias, in her first royal assignment. Accompanied by her grandfather the King, she was made godmother of the boat.
On 19 May 2016, the Princess Ingrid Alexandra Sculpture Park opened in the Palace Park, as part of the celebration of the King and Queen's 25th anniversary.  It features sculptures made for children and by children. The Princess takes active part herself in choosing the designs from among the contributions to the sculpture park from school children all over Norway. In 2018, she gave a guided tour of the park to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, on the occasion of their official visit to Norway.
On 12 February 2016, the Princess and her grandfather participated in the opening ceremony of the II Winter Youth Olympics in Lillehammer: the King, as he previously did in 1994 Winter Olympics, declared the Games opened, while the Princess, like her father Crown Prince Haakon did 22 years before, lit the cauldron.
On 17 November 2018, Princess Ingrid Alexandra christened the research vessel Kronprins Haakon, which was named after her father. The vessel was christened at its home port of Tromsø. The princess spoke of her interest in the ocean and climate change, which motivated her in christening the ship. She stated that the ship will bring "new and crucial knowledge about the polar areas, about the oceans and about climate change."
On 20 January 2022, the Princess visited the three branches of the Norwegian government; the Storting, the Supreme Court and the office of the prime minister. These visits were part of a series of activities Princess Ingrid Alexandra undertook ahead of her 18th birthday the next day. Her father, Crown Prince Haakon, did the same on his own 18th birthday in 1991. On the day of her birthday on 21 January, she attended a meeting of the Council of State alongside Crown Prince Haakon and King Harald. This was followed by a series of congratulatory deputations from Norwegian officials at the Royal Palace. The Princess received congratulations from representatives of the governmental branches as well as the Sámi Parliament, county governors, the diplomatic corps, the Norwegian Armed Forces and the Church of Norway. Cannon salutes were fired at noon to mark Ingrid Alexandra's birthday.
The Constitution of Norway was altered in 1990 to introduce absolute primogeniture, ensuring that the crown would pass to the eldest child regardless of sex but keeping the Crown Prince ahead of his elder sister, Princess Märtha Louise; the change was to apply for the first time to their children. Princess Ingrid Alexandra has thus been second in the line of succession since birth, preceded only by her father. Because of the reform, her status was not affected by the subsequent birth of her brother, Prince Sverre Magnus, in 2005. The Princess is expected to become Norway's first female monarch since Queen Margaret, who reigned over Norway, Denmark and Sweden from the late 1380s until her death in 1412.
Along with her parents and grandparents – but unlike her brother, maternal half-brother Marius, and other relatives – Princess Ingrid Alexandra is a member of the Norwegian Royal House. The family belongs to the House of Glücksburg.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
21 January 2004 – present: Her Royal Highness Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway
On the official website for the Norwegian Royal Family, she is styled as "Her Royal Highness The Princess".
- Norway: Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav (21 January 2022)
- Norway: Recipient of the Royal Family Order of King Harald V (21 January 2022)
- Norway: Recipient of the Royal House Centennial Medal (25 November 2005)
- Norway: Recipient of King Harald V's Jubilee Medal 1991-2016 (17 January 2016)
- "Ingrid Alexandra", Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian Bokmål), 21 January 2022, retrieved 25 January 2022
- "Order of succession". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Her Royal Highness Princess Ingrid Alexandra". Royal House of Norway.
- Hayford O'Leary, Margaret (2010). Culture and Customs of Norway. ABC-CLIO. p. 16. ISBN 978-0313362484.
- "THE CHRISTENING OF NORWAY'S BABY PRINCESS - HELLO!". www.hellomagazine.com.
- Princess confirmed The Royal House of Norway, 31 August 2019
- Princess Ingrid Alexandra's confirmation: The Princess' speech of thanks The Royal House of Norway, 31 August 2019
- Nilsen, Helle; Stalsberg, Trine (19 August 2010). "Historisk skolestart". Nettavisen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Princess Ingrid of Norway starts first day at new school on proud mum Mette-Marit's birthday". 19 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Svarstad, Jørgen; Hagesæther, Pål Vegard (17 June 2014). "Kronprins-barna på private skoler". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "New schools". Scandinavian Royals blog.
- "Prinsesse Ingrid Alexandra begynner på Elvebakken videregående skole". 6 July 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- "Ten young bridesmaids and page boys at the wedding at Stockholm Cathedral". kungahuset.se (Press release). Swedish Royal Court. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- N/A, Gunhild (23 December 2012). "Se prinsessen i Julemorgen!". NRK Super (in Norwegian). NRK. Archived from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Døpte RS Elias". Kongehuset (in Norwegian). Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- "The statues in the Palace Park". Royal House of Norway. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
- Princess Ingrid Alexandra and Queen Sonja unveiled new statues in Palace Park in Oslo royalcentral.co.uk, 7 June 2018
- "Official visit from the United Kingdom". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 1 February 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- "Princess Ingrid Alexandra lit the Olympic fire". Norway Today. 12 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- "The Princess christened the Kronprins Haakon". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 17 November 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
- Hjellen, Bjørnar (24 October 2020). "Prinsesse Ingrid Alexandra tok NM-gull". NRK (in Norwegian). Retrieved 24 October 2020.
- "Visited the branches of government". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 20 January 2022. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
- "The Princess observed the Council of State". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 21 January 2022. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
- "Congratulated the Princess on her 18th birthday". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 21 January 2022. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
- "Her Highness Princess Märtha Louise". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
A constitutional amendment adopted in 1990 established the right of eldest born child to succeed to the Throne regardless of gender; however, as the amendment entered into force long after the Princess and Crown Prince were born, it was decided that males would continue to take precedence over females for children born prior to 1990.
- Thompson, Wayne C. (2013). Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe 2013. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1475804898.
- "The Royal Family". royalcourt.no. Norwegian Royal Court.
- "Her Royal Highness The Princess". The Royal House of Norway. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
- "Appointment to the Order of St. Olav". The Royal House of Norway. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
- "Logoer - Logos and monograms". rauset.no. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
- Official website of the Royal House of Norway
- Official website of Her Royal Highness Princess Ingrid Alexandra